Milk contains different types of proteins; the major ones are casein and whey. These types of proteins can behave differently in little tummies (1).
There are two types of caseins that can especially make a difference: A1 Beta-casein and Alpha S1-casein. These both have been shown to cause inflammation and digestive upset. A1 can be found in Cow milk where Goat milk only contains the A2 type beta-casein (2).
Lower amounts of Alpha S1-casein can produce a softer curd in the stomach, enabling it to be broken down more comfortably. Goat milk can have as low as 5.6% vs 38% in Cow milk (3).
Did you know that Goat milk fat globules are 5-10 smaller than cow milk fat globules? The size of a milk fat globule can make a difference to its digestibility. If smaller, it is broken down more readily by digestive enzymes (4).Medium Chain Fatty Acids (MCTs)
Milk fat globules contain different types of fats which are digested differently in little tummies. MCTs are easily broken down and absorbed faster compared to other types of fats. Because they are broken down so quickly, they become an immediate energy source - ready to go! Goat Milk contains higher amounts of MCTs compared to Cow Milk (5).
Goat milk contains a naturally higher level of prebiotic oligosaccharides. Prebiotics provide food to the beneficial gut bacteria, maintaining overall health and wellbeing. The presence of oligosaccharides in Goat milk is at least 5x times higher than Cow milk (6).
There are many different oligosaccharides, but one in particular, 2’Fucosyllactose (2’FL), is a particularly important food to the beneficial gut bacteria, it also aids in preventing the growth of nasty pathogens in the gut. Goat milk naturally contains 2’FL, where Cow milk does not (7).
Another oligosaccharide found in Goat milk is GOS or 3-galactosyllactose, which is a natural GOS type of prebiotic sugar. GOS is known to reduce the adhesion of nasties in the gut and enhance the growth of the beneficial bacteria, especially lactobacillus and bifidobacteria, which is the predominant bacteria in little digestive systems (8).
1. Davoodi et al. (2016). Iran J Pharm Res
2. Guantario et al. (2020). Nutrients.
Brooke-Taylor et al (2017) Adv.
Tomotake et al. (2006) Biosci Biotechnol Biochem.
3. Park (2007). CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources
Tomotake et al. (2006) Biosci Biotechnol Biochem
4. Attaie et al. (2000) J Dairy Science
Arora, et al (2013). Int J Eng Sci Invention
5. Arora, et al (2013). Int J Eng Sci Invention
Lad et al. (2017). Int J Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci
Los-Rycharska et al. (2016) Prz Gastroenterol
6. Meyrand et al. (2013) Small Rumin Res
J Slavin (2013). Nutrients
7. Oliveira et al. (2015) Int J Dairy Tech
8. Meyrand et al. (2013) Small Rumin Res
Leong et al. (2019) Br J Nutr
Asakuma et al. (2011). J Bio. Chem
Full references available upon request.
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For those who are able to breastfeed, breast milk is the
best source of nutrition for your little one, as it contains all the essential nutrients they need. To support a mothers breastfeeding journey, a healthy and balanced diet is important.
Everyone's feeding journey is different. On this site you’ll find information for mothers and caregivers to help make informed decisions if a safe alternative is needed.
We understand that feeding decisions are difficult. The World Health Organisation recommends exclusive breastfeeding infants from 0-6 months. If you are considering introducing a breastmilk alternative, we recommend seeking professional advice from your GP or maternity professional. Introducing bottle feeding, either partially or exclusively, can reduce the supply of your own breast milk, and this may be a difficult decision to reverse. It’s also important to consider the costs associated with using a breast milk alternative.
If you decide to introduce infant formula, it is important to follow the instructions carefully and only use as directed. Improper use can make your baby unwell. It is recommended to consult your medical professional for advice
specific to your baby, and their nutritional needs.
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