Goat Milk has many unique properties.
- Goat milk has a unique fat composition and structure to that of cow milk.
- Softer and lighter curd forming
- Once the milk reaches the stomach, the protein in milk reacts with stomach acid to form the curd. The softer the curd, the quicker it passes through the stomach. Goat’s milk protein forms a softer & lighter curd, which makes it easier to digest [iv]
- Goat milk naturally contains a high level of oligosaccharides (5 to 8 times higher compared to cow milk) [v].
- Oligosaccharides are a type of prebiotics that through their metabolism support growth of healthy bacteria in our gut. Studies have also shown that these oligosaccharide compounds found in goat’s milk have anti-inflammatory properties [vi] and can ease digestion while inside the intestines.
- Higher levels of Medium Chain Fatty Acids (MCTs) makes it easier to digest, and a better source of energy for the body to use[vii].
- Goat Milk has a naturally high content of essential minerals (calcium, phosphorous, potassium, chloride, manganese, iodine, zinc, selenium and magnesium) and vitamins (Vitamins A, D, B2, B6 and B3), compared to cows’ milk [viii]
Allergy and Inflammation
- It has been approximated that 1-2% of the adult population and 8% of children aged 3 and under suffer from cow milk allergy [ix].
- Cow milk contains the A1 version of a protein called beta-casein. A1 type of beta-casein can cause an inflammatory response in the digestive system of some people. This may result in abdominal discomfort, cramping and bloating. Research has shown that A1 and A2 proteins digest differently. Goat milk contains naturally high levels of A2 type of beta-casein [x].
- Alpha-s1-casein is known to be one of the allergenic proteins present in milk [xi],[xii] . Both cow milk and goat milk contain alpha-s1 casein but study shows that maximum alpha-s1-casein content is lower in goat milk than in cow milk, 26% compared to 40% respectively [iv].
Disclaimer: For those who are medically diagnosed with cow’s milk protein allergy, goat milk is not a suitable alternative. It is necessary to check with your doctor/healthcare professional for advice before using any formula product.